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Areas Served By Barrie Evans Marketing Through South Wales, West Midlands and South West England

History Of South Wales:

Between the Statute of Rhuddlan of 1284 and the Laws in Wales Act 1535, crown land in Wales formed the Principality of Wales. This was divided into a Principality of South Wales and a Principality of North Wales. [2] The southern principality was made up of the counties of Ceredigion and Carmarthenshire, locations that had formerly been part of the Welsh kingdom of Deheubarth (' the southern land'). The legal responsibility for this area lay in the hands of the Justiciar of South Wales based at Carmarthen. Other parts of southern Wales remained in the hands of different Marcher Lords.

The Laws in Wales Acts 1542 created the Court of Great Sessions in Wales based upon four legal circuits. The Brecon circuit served the counties of Brecknockshire, Radnorshire and Glamorgan while the Carmarthen circuit served Cardiganshire, Carmarthenshire and Pembrokeshire. Monmouthshire was connected to the Oxford circuit for judicial purposes. These seven southern counties were therefore distinguished from the six counties of north Wales.

The Court of the Great Sessions came to an end in 1830, however the counties survived up until the Local Government Act 1972 which entered operation in 1974. The development of the county of Powys combined one northern county (Montgomeryshire) with two southern ones (Breconshire and Radnorshire).

There are thus different ideas of south Wales. Glamorgan and Monmouthshire are generally accepted by all as remaining in south Wales. However the status of Breconshire or Carmarthenshire, for instance, is more debatable. In the western extent, from Swansea westwards, regional people might feel that they live in both south Wales and west Wales. Locations to the north of the Brecon Beacons and Black Mountains are usually considered to be in Mid Wales.

An additional point of uncertainty is whether the first element of the name must be capitalized: 'south Wales' or 'South Wales'. As the name is a geographical expression instead of a specific area with distinct borders, design guides such as those of the BBC [3] and The Guardian [4] utilize the form 'south Wales'.

The South Wales Valleys and upland mountain ridges were once a really backwoods noted for its river valleys and ancient forests and lauded by romantic poets such as William Wordsworth as well as poets in the Welsh language, although the interests of the latter lay more in society and culture than in the evocation of natural surroundings. This natural surroundings changed to a substantial extent during the early Industrial Transformation when the Glamorgan and Monmouthshire valley areas were exploited for coal and iron. By the 1830s, numerous tons of coal were being transferred by barge to ports in Cardiff and Newport. In the 1870s, coal was carried by rail transportation networks to Newport Docks, at the time the biggest coal exporting docks in the world, and by the 1880s coal was being exported from Barry, Vale of Glamorgan.

The Marquess of Bute, who owned much of the land north of Cardiff, constructed a steam railway system on his land that extended from Cardiff into many of the South Wales Valleys where the coal was being discovered. Lord Bute then charged charges per ton of coal that was carried out utilizing his railways. With coal mining and iron smelting being the main trades of south Wales, numerous countless immigrants from the Midlands, Scotland, Ireland, Cornwall and even Italy came and set up houses and put down roots in the area. Very many came from other coal mining locations such as Somerset, the Forest of Dean in Gloucestershire and the tin mines of Cornwall such as Geevor Tin Mine, as a large but experienced and ready labor force was needed. Whilst some of the migrants left, lots of settled and established in the South Wales Valleys between Swansea and Abergavenny as English-speaking neighborhoods with a special identity. Industrial workers were housed in homes and terraced houses near the mines and foundries in which they worked. The big influx throughout the years triggered overcrowding which caused outbreaks of Cholera, and on the social and cultural side, the near-loss of the Welsh language in the area.

The 1930s inter-war Great Depression in the United Kingdom saw the loss of practically half of the coal pits in the South Wales Coalfield, and their number decreased even more in the years following The second world war. This number is now really low, following the UK miners' strike (1984-- 85), and the last 'conventional' deep-shaft mine, Tower Colliery, closed in January 2008.

Regardless of the intense industrialisation of the coal mining valleys, lots of parts of the landscape of South Wales such as the upper Neath valley, the Vale of Glamorgan and the valleys of the River Usk and River Wye remain clearly gorgeous and unaffected and have actually been designated Websites of Unique Scientific Interest. In addition, numerous once greatly industrialised sites have gone back to wilderness, some provided with a series of cycle tracks and other outside facilities. Big areas of forestry and open moorland also add to the facility of the landscape.

Our thanks to Wikipedia.